Consumer Info

Read the Humane Society Veterinary Medical Association’s (HSVMA) Letter of Support

The Science Behind Saying, “No” to a Pet Store Puppy
Spot Speaks by Dr. Nancy Kay DVM, Saturday, May 18th, 2013

“Dr. McMillan and his fellow researchers found that pet store dogs received less favorable scores than breeder-obtained dogs for almost every behavior variable measured … Pet store dogs were significantly more likely to exhibit aggression towards human family members, unfamiliar people, and other dogs. They were also more likely to have separation anxiety and touch sensitivity…” (Read More).

Mental Health of Dogs Formerly Used as ‘Breed Stock’ in Commercial Breeding Establishments
Applied Animal Behaviour Science by Franklin D. McMillan, et al., September 2nd, 2011

“Canine commercial breeding establishments (CBEs) are kennel facilities where puppies are produced in large numbers for commercial sale. In the popular media, CBEs are commonly referred to as ‘puppy mills’ or ‘puppy farms.’ Conditions in CBEs vary widely in quality. Dogs in these facilities are routinely housed for their entire reproductive lives in cages or runs, and provided with minimal to no positive human interaction or other forms of environmental enrichment…” (Read More).

Something Stinks: The Need for Environmental Regulation of Puppy Mills
Vill. Envtl. L.J. by Melissa Towsey

“The overwhelming smell is always the first to hit you. Next it is the sound; twenty-five to forty wire mesh cages, many containing multiple puppies, line the walls of this Conshohocken, Pennsylvania pet store. The cages have drip pans underneath, which are supposed to allow for easy clean up of waste, but the puppies are still covered in their own excrement and urine…” (Read More)


What is a Puppy Mill?

A Puppy Mill is “a dog breeding operation in which the health of the dogs is disregarded in order to maintain a low overhead and maximize profits.”

What are common conditions at Puppy Mills?

  • Untreated illness or injuries
  • Dogs exposed to the heat, cold or rain
  • Cramped cages
  • Dirty conditions
  • Stacked/wire cages
  • Not enough food or water

Why a responsible breeder?

  • Want to meet family in person
  • Do not ship pups to pet stores or unseen buyers
  • Meticulous vet care and cleanliness
  • Do not keep dogs in cages

Learn More

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